United States Imperialism Essay

American Imperialism Essay

American Imperialism has been a part of United States history ever since the American Revolution. Imperialism is the practice by which large, powerful nations seek to expand and maintain control or influence on a weaker nation. Throughout the years, America has had a tendency to take over other people's land. America had its first taste of Imperialistic nature back when Columbus came to America almost five hundred years ago. He fought the inhabitants with no respect for their former way of life, took their land, and proceeded to enslave many of these Native Americans. The impact of the 1820's and 1830's on American Imperialism is undeniable. Although the military power was not fully there during this time period, their ideals and foreign policy were made known by as early as 1823.
The Monroe Document of 1823 is the best known United States policy toward the Western Hemisphere. After Declaring the United States interest of the western hemisphere, it warned Europe to not interfere with any new developing nation. Because the United States was such a young nation, it did not have the power to back up what the Monroe Document was expressing, however this document is very important to comprehend because it proves that although federal actions may not strongly show Imperial actions, the mindset of Americans during the 1820's and 1830's was clearly intertwined with basic Imperialistic views and policies. Just over forty years later, this policy was used to justify the sending of United States troops into Mexico in 1866, as well as the purchase of Alaska in 1867.
The booming industrial economy and market revolution was another case of imperialism as the United States was producing more goods than it could consume. This "revolution" transformed a subsistence economy of scattered farms and tiny workshops into a national network of industry and commerce. Greater mechanisms and a more robust market economy raised legal questions dealing with the regulation of monopolies. Revolutionary advances in manufacturing and transportation brought increased prosperity to all Americans, but they also widened the gap between the rich and the poor. With this expansion of modern advancements, including Cyrus McCormick's invention of the mechanical mower-reaper, the completion of the Erie Canal, the first railroad, and John Deere's steel plow, it was no question that the united states was modernizing itself, and imperialism was ingraining itself as a quality of American society.
Jackson's democrats were committed to western expansion, even though this expansion inevitably meant confrontation with the current inhabitants of the land. More than 125,000 Native Americans lived in the forests and prairies east of the Mississippi. Although many tribes strongly resisted white encroachment on their land, other tribes such as the Cherokees made remarkable efforts to learn the ways of the whites. The Americans were once again sticking to their imperialistic style, and leaving...

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American Imperialism Essay

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In the late 1800s and early 1900s the majority of American people supported a policy of imperialism.

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American Imperialism Essay

The years after the Civil War were the years of great economic expansion in the history of United States. With the increase in production by industries, the demand for resources increased rapidly and because the land under the control of the United States could not fulfill this demand, the only option was to expand the territorial area. In 1867, the United States purchased Alaska from Russia and in the same year, it annexed Midway Islands. Until 1890s, the expansion was restricted to west and did not go further the nation’s boundaries. But the decade of 1890s, the period between 1893 and1903 was a turning point in the history of United States, marked with the expansion of America for the first time outside its main land. Even though policy makers justified imperial expansion under the doctrine of manifest destiny, other causes, specifically the Depression of 1893, strategic military acquisition in order to improve US security, international competition, and the urge to control greater a part of the world in order to become the world power, actually encouraged the US to expand across its borders. This changed America’s traditional foreign policy from isolationist to interventionist that drew America into various international disputes at the risk of its own security.
After 1865, facilitated by the development and expansion of railways, American industries grew rapidly and pushed its production beyond the domestic demands. This progress attracted immigrants from throughout the world increasing the population of the US rapidly. This increase in population, wealth, and industrial production necessitated more resources, and with America already expanded to the West, the only option was to explore the areas outside the national boundary. One of the countries that had potential resources was Cuba. Cuba was under Spanish control but after destruction of American battleship Maine, in 1898, US intervened in the struggle for independence of Cuba. In a treaty with the Spain, the US acquired the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and the pacific island of Guam. Overproduction and under-consumption during the Panic of 1893 demonstrated the need for foreign markets if the economy were to recover again, which heightened the belief that more assertive foreign policy was indispensible to encourage American exports. “To meet the challenge the country had no apparent choice but to reconstruct its economy or compete for foreign markets and points of strategic significance, especially in the Pacific.” Another problem that emerged during this depression and could be solved by expanding the markets was the discontent caused by unemployment after the Panic of 1893. The new markets would work as a ‘safety valve,’ which by improving the economy of America would reduce the domestic problems.
Proponents of imperialism believed that the colonial holdings, as strategic assets, were of high value in the on-going quest for maritime supremacy. One of the supporters of imperialism...

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American Imperialism Essay

972 words - 4 pages To use the title ‘Transnational American’ (Grewal, 2005) might be more politically correct than American imperialism but I contend that one is in fact an agent of the other. The two readings for this week converge around the discussion of transnationalism and neoliberalism although in slightly different ways. Grewal (2005) discusses transnationalism in relation to the United States and its cultural, social, political and economic influence on...

The American Imperialism Essay

611 words - 2 pages After the civil war, United States took a turn that led them to solidify as the world power. From the late 1800s, as the US began to collect power through Cuba, Hawaii, and the Philippines, debate arose among historians about American imperialism and its behavior. Historians such as William A. Williams, Arthur Schlesinger, and Stephen Kinzer provides their own vision and how America ought to be through ideas centered around economics, power, and...

American Imperialism in the late 1800s.

947 words - 4 pages American imperialism in the late 1800's was a break in American foreign policy. America has always wanted to expand the country. In the 1880's, many people thought that America should join countries such as England and set up colonies overseas. Imperialism is when a bigger, stronger country wants to control other smaller and weaker territories.At that time, imperialism was a trend around the world. America became an imperialist nation because...

The Marshall Plan - Generosity or "American Imperialism"

1154 words - 5 pages In June of 1947 the US Secretary of State George Marshall outlined to the world a detailed plan to provide extensive financial aid to the countries of Europe, this soon became known as the Marshall plan. Today many consider the Marshall plan to be the most successful undertaking the US has ever embarked upon, yet despite this there are those who...

Was the Mexican American War an Exercise in American Imperialism

569 words - 2 pages The Mexican-American War was the beginning of a legacy of hate between the Americans and Mexicans. During this era, America was growing commercially and industrially, leading to the need for more land to maximize the American profit. This Anglo-American necessity led to the Mexican-American War. Imperialism was indeed the corner stone for...

American Imperialism

1069 words - 4 pages      Since its inception, America as a nation has developed and progressed according to trends of change that collectively define an era. Like all other eras, the time period of 1875-1925 experienced growth, changes, movements, and new ideals. It is the way that these changes came about that defines this era. Americans started to push for changes in many arenas of life that were previously unchallenged. New experiences...

The Mexican War as an Exercise in American Imperialism

1359 words - 5 pages The Mexican War as an Exercise in American Imperialism The US government believed firmly in the doctrine of Manifest destiny, the government argued that they had the right and duty to expand through North American because it was necessary and inevitable. During the 19th century Mexico dominated a large amount of North America which was inhabited by American settlers and the American government aimed to expand the USA...

American expansion in the 19th century was an act of aggressive imperialism, not manifest destiny

773 words - 3 pages In the years between 1830 and 1860, the United States grew economically, socially, and most noticeably, geographically. In this time period, Texas, Oregon, California, New Mexico, and Arizona were gained, completing the continental United States. Many Americans in the 19th century believed this acquisition of territory was a manifest destiny, or event accepted as inevitable. They thought it was the destiny of the U.S. to control all land from...

American Imperialism of the Philippines

1171 words - 5 pages In 1900, Senator Albert Beveridge, a Republican from Indiana, gave a speech in response to “The Philippine Question”. Beveridge was asked by senators and members of the House of Representatives to give a speech on the Philippines. At this time, the United States was in discussion of what the future steps would be after the Spanish-American War, which resulted in a win and subsequent acquisition of the Philippines. Senator Beveridge responded to...

In the late 1800s and early 1900s the majority of American people supported a policy of imperialism.

837 words - 3 pages In the late 1800s and early 1900s the majority of American people supported a policy of imperialism. Imperialism is the practice of one country extending its control over the territory, political system, or economic life of another country. Political opposition to this foreign domination is called "anti-imperialism."The U.S. had followed basic policy of...

"A Study in Causation of the Mexican War" examines whether or not the Mexican-American War was an exercise of American Imperialism.

644 words - 3 pages Webster's dictionary defines "war" as an open armed conflict between countries or between factions within the same country. It is a conflict often resulting in the death of many innocent civilians, the destruction of private property, and sometimes the unjust treatment of prisoners. Many would agree that war ought to be a last resort to settling a conflict, as was the case for

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