Effects Of The Crusades Essay

..."The Crusades: series of wars by Western European Christians to recapture the Holy Land from the Muslims." (Encarta "Crusades") The Crusades first began in 1096 and ended in the late 13th century. The term Crusade originally meant that the European's would use all their efforts to regain the power from the Muslims. They wanted to retake the city of Jerusalem, which was holy to Christians because that's where the crucifixion of Jesus Christ occurred. Europeans later used it to allocate any military efforts against non-Christians. The Crusaders also created feudal states in the Near East. The Crusades played an important role of European expansion and colonialism. "They mark the first time Western Christendom undertook a military initiative far from home, the first time significant numbers left to carry their culture and religion abroad." (Encarta "Crusades") In addition to the efforts in the East, the Crusading movement includes other wars against Muslims, pagans, and dissident Christians and the general expansion of Christian Europe. "Originally the object of the crusade was to help the Christian Churches in the East."(Mayer, 9) " Also on the agenda was the peace of God, i.e. the prohibition of feuding on certain days and the immunity of certain people, places, and things."(Mayer, 8). Basically the Crusades were an expression of militant Christianity and...

The Causes and Effects of the Crusades Essay

654 Words3 Pages

If you ask someone if they ever heard of the Crusades the answer will most likely be yes. Does that mean that they know what the Crusades are? No. Many Jewish people who don’t know much about the Crusades assume it was merely targeted against the Jews and it resulted in the death of countless Jews. Other than that they are oblivious to the true facts. So what were the Crusades? The Crusades were great military missions embarked on by the Christian nations of Europe for the purpose of rescuing the Jerusalem and the Holy Land from the hands of the Moslems. The Crusades were considered Holy Wars (1). Their main target was the Moslems not the Jews, although campaigns were also waged against pagan Slavs, Jews, Russian and Greek orthodox…show more content…

Although Jerusalem was under the control of the Moslems, the Christians were granted a safe passage to visit the Holy city. Then in 1065 the Turks took over Jerusalem. They made a huge massacre against Christian pilgrims and around three thousand Christians were killed. This angered the Christians greatly. They were overcome with the desire to rescue the Holy Land from the Turks. Their way of doing this was through fighting in Crusades (1). Aside from their need to defend the Holy Land the Christians had a restless, adventurous force to them. Those with their new vows of knighthood were energetic by the spirit of chivalry, and very ready to fight. The Turks were advancing in the east and were threatening to take over Constantinople. The Greek emperor at that time sent letters to the pope asking for assistance against the Turks, and if he doesn’t give help immediately Constantinople will fall into the hands of the Turks (1). The Crusades lasted for around two hundred years, keeping Europe in chaos. There was war, suffering, and millions of casualties. Yet, the Crusades contributed immensely in the history of the progress of civilization in Europe (3). There were many lasting effects of the Crusades. One major effect of the Crusades was an increase in trade and in the economy. During the Crusades, the Crusaders found many luxury goods in the Middle East and brought them back to Europe. This led European merchants

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