Food And Nutrition Essays

Essay on Nutrition

Nutrition is the science that investigates the relationship between physiological function and the essential elements of the food we eat. Ms. Braun discussed two issues that were interesting to me; the types of food we eat and chronic diseases and other diseases.

Nutrients are very important in everyone lives. Eating the types of food that is right for the body will help later in the future. The body needs energy to function, anything a person does, mostly require energy, so have the right calorie balance is very important. Studies have found that female bodies are required to have 1,600-2,400 calories a day and men 2,300-2,700 calories a day. Many foods that are required to eat are base on a pyramid. The food pyramid consist of bread, cereal, rice, and pasta group on the bottom of the pyramid. It is recommended that we eat whole grains such as pasta, whole grain rice, cereal. They contain nutrients such as vitamin B, vitamin E, fiber, and iron. And people should eat 6-11 servings of whole grains per day. Next, are fruits and vegetables. They consist of complex and simple carbohydrates. I think this group is the main group people should focus on because they are very beneficial. They contain nutrients such as vitamin C, fiber, iron, calcium, and potassium. It is recommended for people to eat 5-11 servings a day. For vegetables, we could eat cook or chopped raw vegetables, raw leafy vegetables, or vegetable juice. For fruits, we could eat a whole piece of fruit, canned, chopped, or cooked fruit, or drink a cup a fruit juice. Next group are meat and dairy. Meat are not necessary, and that is where some proteins come from. Proteins can be found in beef, fish, vegetarian beans, nuts, soy products. People should consume 2-3 servings a day. In dairy products, they are simple carbohydrates, and contain nutrients such as vitamin A, vitamin D, protein, iron and calcium. And suggested servings are 2-3 servings a day. Meat and dairy are high in saturated fat and cholesterol, so its recommended to less of it. Lastly, on the top of the pyramid, people should consume less fat and sugar. They just add calories, they are not sources of nutrients.

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Nutrition are the essentials in living a healthy life. Everyone need to eat, there are so many types of food, so choosing the right types of food is very important. Understanding what kinds of food to eat will help me live a healthy life now and in the future. Eating the right food on a daily basis, is going to help me eat healthy. Having enough nutrients is very important because some of the food you eat can affect your health, prevent you from having diseases. Recently, I have been trying to watch out for what I eat. I try to eat a balance meal, but sometime I miss a group. I always eat fruits, but I am low in vegetables. I go to the gym almost 2-4 a week, if I have time.

The second issue she brought up was chronic diseases and other diseases; heart disease, stroke, and cancer: prostate cancer, breast cancer, colon cancer, etc. Many foods that we eat help lower the risk of these diseases. Heart disease is the most leading cause of death and Cancer is the second leading cause of death. Food that contain fiber will lower your risk of colon cancer, intestinal cancer and heart disease. Food such as tomato, watermelon, and pink grapefruit lowers the risk of prostate cancer, and other diseases and whole foods lower the risk of chronic disease. There are food that lower your risk of diseases, but there are also food that put people on high risk, like red meat, it higher the risk of colon cancer. Mostly food high in fat is bad news and it puts you in a higher risk, so people should consume healthy foo and watch what they eat.

Chronic diseases and other diseases are not fun to have, so learning about what types of food to watch out for and need is very important. Having a healthful lifestyle is being disease free and a health body. I know I eat a variety of food, but sometime I eat too much or too little of the food I need and don’t need, but I’m hoping I am not in a high risk for anything. I think of myself as being healthy, but I’m not sure. I will try to eat food that are beneficial to me, so I could live a healthful life and grow up disease free.

I would definitely recommend this speaker and topic for future classes because it is necessary to reach out to people of how it is important to eat the right food. Ms. Braun was a good presenter, but I think there should of been more examples of real-life stories, or she should talk to the class, make it interactive, but overall, she presented a well organized presentation.


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Sheeja Samuel
ESL 91
Spring, 2000

Explain how and why an understanding of the basics of nutrition is important for good health.

We need food to survive for the rest of our lives.We get out nutrition like vitamins and proteins, but not all foods are good for us.Some give us too much fat, cholesterol or sugar.If we don’t control what we are eating, we can get into big trouble, because some nutritious foods also have things that are bad for our bodies, like too much fat and sugar.

People need to be careful of what they are eating, otherwise they are going to regret it later.Poor eating habits can lead to high cholesterol, for the rest of their life.The only way you can control that is by taking drugs and carefully watching their diet.People with high cholesterol can’t ever eat any fatty foods like pizza or cheeseburgers.They also can’t eat any sweet foods like candy or cake.People with poor diets often put their children at risk.For example, my father has high cholesterol.The main reason for him to have high cholesterol is because he ate foods that are harmful for the body, like potato chips and fast foods.Because of that, I have to be careful of what I eat, otherwise, I will also have high cholesterol also.I have to control my cholesterol by eating less pizza and fast foods or any other food that has high cholesterol.

Poor nutrition can also lead to heart attacks.For example, my neighbor Justin, died because of a heart attack.He ate all kinds of foods that was high in fat and cholesterol.His wife Jane, warned them not to eat those things but he didn’t listen to her advise.He had two heart attacks.When he had the first one, his wife took him to the hospital to treat him.When he had the second one, his wife was at work.When she came home, she found him dead in the living room holding French fries.He was only forty years old.He rarely exercised and didn’t have a job so he didn’t move around very much.

On the other hand, there are some other foods like wheat cereal, bread and fish you can eat safely without worrying.You can get vitamins and proteins from these foods.Those things are very important in our life.The vitamins and proteins will help our body to develop.They will also protect our skin.For instance, if you have a cut on your body, the vitamins and proteins will help heal it self.The vitamins and proteins will also give you strong bones and fish is good for the brain.It helps us remember things and solve problems.

If people care about their bodies, they should take care it by eating nutritious foods like fruits and vegetables and exercising.You should treat your body as a temple and not abuse it with harmful foods.

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